Allergy to plants in dogs is relatively common, and it can affect animals of all ages, races or sexes. It is an abnormal and exaggerated response of the immune system to contact or intake with certain vegetables. In addition, pollen allergy diagnoses are also frequent, mainly in spring.
How to identify plant allergy in dogs?
Plant allergy in dogs can be atopic or dermal. When it comes to a hypersensitive response by direct skin contact with a plant, we talk about a dermal allergy.
Secondly, and in case the allergic process begins by sniffing, as in the case of pollen, we are facing an atopic allergy. It is also a fairly frequent condition.
In principle, allergies usually cause discomfort and skin problems that include a clinical picture known as allergic or atopic dermatitis. Allergic processes can also lead to respiratory and digestive problems.
Among the main symptoms of plant allergy in dogs we find:
- Irritated skin
- Intense itching through the body
- Redness of the skin and mucous membranes, mainly in hairless areas
- Pimples or pustules on the skin
- Discomfort and lethargy
- Thickening of the skin
- Excessive formation of wax in the ear canal
- Shake your head frequently
- Scratching ears with great intensity or constancy
- Lick or bite frequently some parts of your body
Toxic and irritating plants for dogs
In addition to causing allergies and irritations, some plants can be toxic to our dogs. Upon contact with or ingesting them, the animal may suffer digestive, neurological, nervous or hematological problems.
At present, numerous toxic or irritating plants are known for dogs around the world. Therefore, it is almost impossible to list all the species that we can find in each neighborhood, city or country.
What can we do pet owners? Ideally, ask a veterinarian in our area about the most common toxic plants in your environment. Next, we will analyze the toxic plants that we can find most commonly in gardens, squares, fields or parks.
- Clivia miniata
- Adam’s rib
How to prevent plant allergy in dogs?
Plant allergy can affect all dogs at any time in their life. Although there are very effective allergy tests, it is very difficult to evaluate each dog’s reactions to all plants. To prevent them, the most important thing is to prevent the dog from coming into contact with this type of vegetable.
Of course, it will be essential to know the toxic plants to eliminate them from home and garden. In addition, if we identify that certain park or square has some harmful species, we will also avoid the walks there.
In spite of everything, these habits may not be enough. Basically, it is impossible to verify one by one the species of each place where we take our partner. In this way, it is best to reduce the chances of our dog coming into contact or consuming these plants.
How to prevent dogs from eating plants?
Of course, we must mention that the habit of eating plants is something natural and common among dogs, mainly among puppies that are in the stage of discovery and experimentation. But there are some factors that can lead to an increase in this intake, so we must avoid them.
These aspects that we must control are:
- Nutritional deficit: a dog that does not receive a complete and balanced diet can ingest plants and other elements to replace this nutritional deficit.
- Excessive heat and dehydration: plants have a high water content; When the dog is thirsty and can’t find water, he can drink them. On warmer days, you have to strengthen the hydration of your dog.
- Changes in their environment: when we make a move or make abrupt changes, dogs will have the instinct to investigate their new environment, sniffing, licking and nibbling
- Lack of stimulation: if the dog is not physically and mentally well stimulated, it can develop symptoms of stress and boredom. To alleviate the accumulated energy, it will incorporate some habits such as eating excessively.
Following these guidelines, it will be much easier to prevent plant allergy in our best friend. Likewise, we must be attentive to any change in their appearance or behavior. Finally, it is necessary to consult our trusted veterinarian when observing any anomaly.