Throughout history, animals have been frequent protagonists of many stories and legends. The human capacity to empathize with them makes them perfect carriers to transmit positive values and even vital information. In children, the influence of these stories on animals is stronger. Therefore, it is not surprising that in the case of ‘man’s best friend’, fables about dogs are always present.
Stories to educate
Fables are also a brief literary genre. In a few words, a story is built, almost always with a marked educational and didactic sense.
These stories are often written in prose or verse, the key point is in the moral. Or what is the same: the lesson that the protagonist of the story learns and whose knowledge passes directly to the readers and listens.
Its low word density makes these fables ideal for children initiated in the process of learning to read. These stories are also positive for those who, from small, show a natural inclination towards the habit of reading.
Fables about dogs in Spanish
In the Iberian Peninsula and throughout Spanish America fables about dogs abound. Many of them are inherited from aboriginal traditions or translated from other languages ranging from Latin to Italian.
Cats, wolves, birds and other animals also have participated in these stories, which highlight the virtues and vices of the world and the human being.
Dog and cat’s fable
The eternal enmity between dogs and cats is a classic element of children’s literature. In this fable, these enemies – seemingly irreconcilable – leave their differences aside in pursuit of a common goal: to get food. The moral is that selfishness leads to nothing. To obtain benefits that favor everyone, teamwork will always be an essential factor.
Labrador, the fire dog
This is a fable recommended for children over 10 years with the ability to read fluently. It is a story that is a bit longer within the canons of the genre, which touches several themes during its development: from the constancy and effort that must be dedicated to achieving dreams to knowing how to take advantage of the opportunities that arise in life.
Additionally, it is a story that highlights values such as courage and courage, as well as determination and sacrifice. Solidarity and gratitude are other topics that serve to shape a moral accompanied by a happy ending.
The two bitches
Within the ancient literature also include authors who gave themselves entirely to build moralizing fables. One of them was Fedro, the Roman author of the imperial era. He was not recognized in his time but rediscovered and claimed during the Middle Ages.
A true reflection of his style, The two bitches is a very short story. It is a metaphor about the evil present in the world and that can end up destroying those of goodwill; those who trust blindly and unconditionally in their fellows.
The dog and the piece of meat
Many consider the author of this fable about dogs as the precursor of the genus; It is about Aesop, writer of Ancient Greece. The dog and the piece of meat presents a very brief argument, developed in verse. The moral: who does not value and take care of what he has will end up losing it.
The dog and the bell
Another fable attributed to Aesop; the argument revolves around a dog unable to repair its defects. The animal acts with evil and believes that being arrogant and arrogant is synonymous with strength. The final moral is that it is just the opposite.
A hunter and a dog
In this fable, how human beings can despise those who have already reached old age is questioned, regardless of everything that in the past has been delivered unconditionally.
The wolf and the skinny dog
It is a fable written by Jean de La Fontaine, a 17th-century French fabulist. Many consider him among the largest of the genre, next to the ancient Aesop and Fedro. His moral: bird is better in hand than a hundred flying.”
A century later, Félix María Samaniego, writer born in the Basque Country, who became very popular rewriting fables of classical authors, published his version of this fable.